Short Essay on 'Mahamana Malviya Jayanti: 25 December' (420 Words)

Friday, May 8, 2015

'Mahamana Malviya Jayanti' is observed on 25th December every year. It is the birth anniversary of Madan Mohan Malviya. He was born on December 25, 1861 in Allahabad. His grandfather Pt Premdhar and father Pt Baijnath were Sanskrit scholars. His father, Pt Baijnath, was also an excellent Kathavachak (narrator of the stories from Bhagawat).

Madan Mohan’s education began at the age of five. He was a diligent boy. He matriculated in 1879 and joined the Muir Central College and graduated from the Calcutta University in 1884. He wished to devote himself entirely to the service of the nation. Though he studied law and passed the LL.B. examination in 1891 yet he was not interested in legal profession. He was given the title of ‘Mahamana’. He is most remembered as the founder of Banaras Hindu University (BHU) at Varanasi.

Madan Mohan Malviya was a great Scholar, educationist, man of action and a leader of tile national liberational movement. He became popular for his outspoken views about media as a subject of the British, the abject poverty of the masses and the indifference of the British towards them. He was duly appointed member of the Indian Industrial Commission in 1916. On account of his services to the Congress he was elected its President in 1909,1918,1932 and 1933.

Madan Mohan Malviya was a strong supporter of the Congress. He founded the Hindu Mahasabha in 1906. He became a High Court Vakil in 1893. He always preferred to public work over his legal work. He started many daily, weekly and monthly newspapers and magazines. He was the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Hindustan Times from 1924 to 1946.

Madan Mohan Malviya was a conservative in social matters. He believed in the ‘Vamashrama Dharma ‘ (caste system). He was known for his gentleness and humility. It will be true to say that he considered responsive co-operation a better policy than civil disobedience. He died on November 12, 1946 at the age of 85. He was posthumously conferred with Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, on 24 December 2014, a day before his 153rd Birth Anniversary. Madan Mohan Malviya occupied a very high position in Indian public life and his public activities were numerous.

On this day, people remember and honour Madan Mohan Malviya. This Day is observed with great devotion towards Madan Mohan Malviya. Cultural programmes are held at many places. At various places mangal arti, homa, meditation, devotional songs, religious discourses and sandhya arti are held on this day. 

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